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Working Papers

Mother and daughter

Bei Lu, Hong Mi, Yana Zhu and John Piggott

This paper will document the Qingdao Long-term Care Medical Insurance (LTCMI) programme in order to properly understand and analyse its recipient demographics and the determinants of cost differentials for clients presenting with different patterns of disability.

Elderly friends

Shang Wu, Hazel Bateman, Ralph Stevens, and Susan Thorp

We study the demand for income-indemnity long term care (LTC) insurance, a product that pays income in LTC states whether care services are used or not.

Reviewing research

George Kudrna

Like many other developed countries, Norway is facing a rapid ageing of its population that is attributed to both falling mortality and fertility rates in the past and projected life-expectancy increases over the next several decades.

Data analysis

Boda Kang and Jonathan Ziveyi

In this paper we analyse how the policyholder surrender behaviour is influenced by changes in various sources of risk impacting a variable annuity (VA) contract embedded with a guaranteed minimum maturity benefit rider that can be surrendered anytime prior to maturity.

Ageing data

Nikolay Gudkov, Katja Ignatieva and Jonathan Ziveyi

This paper values Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefit (GMWB) riders embedded in variable annuities assuming that the underlying fund dynamics evolve under the influence of stochastic interest rates, stochastic volatility, stochastic mortality and equity risk.

Family enjoying life

Rafal Chomik, John Piggott and Peter McDonald

APEC economies encompass a wide range of socio-economic profiles – poor to rich, young to old, regulated to free market.

Light globe idea

Jennifer Alonso Garcia, Oliver Wood and Jonathan Ziveyi

This paper extends the Fourier-cosine (COS) method to the pricing and hedging of variable annuities embedded with guaranteed minimum withdrawal benefit (GMWB) riders. 


Elena Capatina

Approximately one in four workers aged 25-40 who lacked private health insurance in 2010 in the US did not enroll in employer-provided health insurance (EPHI) that was available to them.

Fiscal growth

Christine Ma and Chung Tran

To what extent does population ageing limit fiscal capacity and affect fiscal sustainability? We answer this question through lens of fiscal space defined by budgetary room between the current tax revenue and the peak of Laffer curves.